Instead of one Missouri Federal Court, there are actually four federal courts in the state of Missouri. This includes the Eastern and Western District Courts as well as the United States bankruptcy court, Eastern District of Missouri and the United States bankruptcy court, Western District of Missouri. Read on for a complete guide to the Missouri Federal Court system.
Missouri Federal Court
Under the United States court system, there are both federal courts and state courts. While state courts are established by the state or by a county or city within the state and most of the cases they see involve the laws of that state, federal courts are established by the United States government to settle disputes that concern the US Constitution and laws passed by Congress.
There are four federal courts under the Missouri federal court system. They are the:
- Eastern District of Missouri
- Western District of Missouri
- United States bankruptcy court, Eastern District of Missouri
- United States bankruptcy court, Western District of Missouri
Of course, each of these courts has its own location, jurisdiction, processes, and rules.
Eastern District of Missouri Local Rules
Although the Missouri federal courts fall under the United States federal court system, it is a common practice for United States district courts and courts of appeals to prescribe local rules governing procedure and practice. It is necessary that these rules are consistent with both Acts of Congress and the Federal Rules of Practice and Procedure, but they will vary based on the specificities of the local area. The authority of a court to prescribe local rules is governed in combination by statute and the Federal Rules of Practice and Procedure.
The local rules of the Eastern District of Missouri can be found here. They outline procedures regarding the commencement of actions, disclosure and discovery motions, trials, judgments, and special proceedings, among other rules.
Western District of Missouri Local Rules
The local rules of the Western District of Missouri can be found here. Included in this document is an outline of attorney discipline, among numerous other rules and procedures.
The rules of the Federal Court system can be complicated. They govern everything from how and when case documents must be filed to which attorneys may argue a case in the Missouri Federal Court system.
For the most part, the rules are written for attorneys and court staff. If you have a case in Missouri Federal Court, your attorney can explain any of the rules that are pertinent to you and your behavior in or out of the courtroom.
Experienced Missouri Federal Court Attorneys
If you are looking for a qualified attorney to represent you in the Missouri federal court, all of the attorneys at Carver, Cantin and Mynarich are bar admitted to practice law in the U.S. District Court Western District of Missouri and are trusted Springfield, Missouri attorneys with an unrivaled 74 collective years of legal experience both in and out of the Missouri federal courts.
Missouri Federal Court – Location and What You Need To Know
Missouri Federal Court is very different from Missouri State Court. Missouri Federal Court has its own rules and procedures that require an experienced federal criminal defense attorney to navigate through them and maximize your chance of successfully defending yourself. A lawyer who is excellent in State Court but lacks experience in the Missouri Federal Court is not going to provide the same level of defense as a criminal defense attorney in Springfield, MO will.
Missouri Federal Grand Jury – Federal Criminal Defense Attorney
The Federal Grand Jury is one of the first procedures in a criminal trial and one of the most important. The Grand Jury, in this case the Missouri Federal Grand Jury, is a closed-door process by a group of 16-23 citizens who determine whether a prosecutor can bring charges against a potential defendant – in this case, you.
Read: How Federal Grand Juries Work by NPR
Missouri Federal Grand Juries are a more relaxed affair than normal court proceedings, featuring only an Assistant United States Attorney, a stenographer, and the witness subpoenaed to deliver testimony. After hearing all the evidence presented by the Assistant United States Attorney, the Missouri Federal Grand Jury will decide whether there is enough evidence to warrant a trial and if so, they will return an indictment.
Carver, Cantin & Mynarich have extensive experience with the Missouri Federal Grand Jury system. As the top federal criminal defense attorneys in Springfield, MO, with over 500 criminal defense cases combined, our attorneys have dealt with Missouri Federal Grand Juries hundreds of times and we are more than capable of navigating these proceedings to ensure that your rights are being respected in the process.
Missouri Federal Indictments – Federal Criminal Defense Attorney
The Fifth Amendment to the United States Constitution guarantees that no person can be charged for a crime in federal court unless indicted by a Grand Jury; thus, Missouri Federal Indictments can only come from a Grand Jury. Unfortunately, that bar is not too difficult to pass and once an indictment has been handed down, you will find yourself staring down some potentially serious penalties as federal crime sentences are often much harsher than state sentences.
If you are facing a Missouri Federal Indictment, you will end up having to go to trial against a top-class lawyer working under United States Attorney Tom Larson, a decorated attorney with over 45 years of legal experience. That level of high quality experience can only be matched by having the top criminal defense attorneys in Springfield, MO in your corner. It can only be matched by Carver, Cantin & Mynarich.
State Court vs. Federal Court – Which Court Meets the Criteria
Although it’s possible your charge may be prosecuted in the Circuit Courts of Missouri, if it meets certain criteria, it will be prosecuted in federal court, especially when a lot of money is involved. The federal government has many more resources available to it in the prosecution of these kind of cases and many times more than your average county prosecutor.
Federal courts are courts of the United States. Each state has at least one. In Missouri there are two. Springfield, Missouri is in the Western District of Missouri.
United States Courts Western District of Missouri
- Southern Division (Springfield, MO)
- Southwestern Division (Joplin, MO)
- Central Division (Jefferson City, MO)
- Western Division (Kansas City, MO)
- St. Joseph Division (St. Joseph, MO)
The Eastern District is headquartered in St. Louis but there is also a federal courthouse in Cape Girardeau and it is in the Eastern District also. In the Western District of Missouri the main federal court is in Kansas City but there are also courts in Springfield and Jefferson City.
US District Court Eastern District of Missouri
One of 94 United States district courts, the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Missouri operates from courthouses in Missouri cities St. Louis, Cape Girardeau, and Hannibal. Court decisions are appealed to the Eighth Circuit Court of Appeals in St. Louis at the Thomas F. Eagleton Federal Courthouse.
Missouri Eastern District Court Jurisdiction
The Missouri Eastern District Court has original jurisdiction over any case, either civil or criminal falling under federal law, that is filed within its jurisdiction. This means that the court has the power to hear and make decisions on a case prior to any appellate review.
USDC EDMO Divisions
The Eastern District of Missouri’s geographic jurisdiction consists of three court divisions which cover the following counties in eastern Missouri:
- The Eastern Division: Crawford, Dent, Franklin, Gasconade, Iron, Jefferson, Lincoln, Maries, Phelps, Saint Charles, Saint Francois, Sainte Genevieve, Saint Louis, Warren and Washington counties, in addition to the City of St. Louis
- The Northern Division: Adair, Audrain, Chariton, Clark, Knox, Lewis, Linn, Macon, Marion, Monroe, Montgomery, Pike, Ralls, Randolph, Schuyler, Scotland and Shelby counties
- The Southeastern Division: Bollinger, Butler, Cape Girardeau, Carter, Dunklin, Madison, Mississippi, New Madrid, Pemiscot, Perry, Reynolds, Ripley, Scott, Shannon, Stoddard and Wayne counties
Although Carver, Cantin and Mynarich’s practice is situated in Springfield, Missouri, which is covered by the Missouri Western District Court, our partner Erica Mynarich also possesses bar admission to the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Missouri in St. Louis.
Missouri Western District Court
The United States District Court for the Western District of Missouri is divided into five locations: Kansas City, Jefferson City, Springfield, Joplin, and St. Joseph. Decisions of this court are appealed to the Eighth Circuit Court of Appeals in St. Louis at the Thomas F. Eagleton Courthouse. Each of the attorneys at Carver, Cantin and Mynarich possesses bar admission to this court.
MO Western District Court Online Resources: www.mow.uscourts.gov
All information about the Missouri Western District Court can be found online here. On this website, you can find:
- District Court local rules
- Answers to frequently asked questions
- Information on judges
- Juror information
- Contact information
- Other general information
Western District of Missouri Case Search
Information on previous cases in the Western District of Missouri can be accessed using a full-text opinions search feature called CourtWEB. Cases can be searched in any of the following ways:
- Search by case party
- Search by individual judge, multiple judges, or all judges
- Search by case caption
- Search by case number
- Search date range
Western District of Missouri Court of Appeals
The Missouri Western District Court of Appeals is Missouri’s largest intermediate appellate court. Located in its own courthouse in downtown Kansas City, the Court is composed of 11 judges and has jurisdiction covering 45 counties. This also includes Jefferson City.
If you are appealing your case, the attorneys at Carver, Cantin and Mynarich have extensive appellate experience including applications to the United States Supreme Court and appeals to United States Eighth and Tenth Circuit Courts of Appeals, Missouri Supreme Court, and the Southern, Western, and Eastern Districts of the Missouri Court of Appeals.
MO Eastern District Court Online Resources: www.moed.uscourts.gov
The Missouri Eastern District Federal Court is often known as MOED.
MOED USCourts Gov
On the Missouri Eastern District Court online resources website, you can find:
- District Court local rules
- Juror information
- Clerk’s office contact information
- District reports
- Other information about the court
Eastern District of Missouri PACER
Court electronic records from the Eastern District of Missouri can be accessed using Public Access to Court Electronic Records, also known as PACER, a national index for district, bankruptcy, and appellate courts. PACER is provided by the Federal Judiciary in accordance with its commitment to providing the public with access to court information through a unified service.
Eastern District of Missouri ECF
Electronic Case Filing (ECF) system is a comprehensive case management system from the Federal Judiciary for bankruptcy, district and appellate courts, including the Eastern District of Missouri federal court. ECF allows courts to accept filings and provide access to filed documents over the Internet. The local ECF help desk can be contacted at (314) 244-7650 or [email protected].
If you are unable to find what you are looking for through these online resources, don’t hesitate to contact a trusted Springfield, Missouri attorney like those at Carver, Cantin and Mynarich with any questions you may have.
Missouri Bankruptcy Court
The bankruptcy court is a type of courtroom that was created by the federal government to settle personal and corporate bankruptcy cases. Unlike most criminal, civil, and family law cases, which can usually be heard in state courts, bankruptcy must always be filed in a federal court since the United States bankruptcy laws are part of federal law rather than state law.
A bankruptcy case must be filed and heard within the judicial district that is the filer’s primary residence or business location. Each of the federal judicial districts in the United States, including the Eastern and Western Districts of Missouri, has a bankruptcy court.
Bankruptcy Court Eastern District of Missouri
The bankruptcy court in the Eastern District of Missouri is the United States bankruptcy court in eastern Missouri associated with the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Missouri. The court is located at the Thomas F. Eagleton U.S. Courthouse located at 111 South 10th St., 4th Floor in St. Louis, MO.
Western District of Missouri Bankruptcy Court
The bankruptcy court in the Western District of Missouri is the United States bankruptcy court in western Missouri associated with the United States District Court for the Western District of Missouri. The court is located at 400 E. 9th Street, Room 1510 in Kansas City, MO.
If you are in the process of filing for bankruptcy with the Western District of Missouri Bankruptcy Court or the Bankruptcy Court Eastern District of Missouri, your best course of action is to consult a Missouri attorney who has extensive experience with the Missouri federal court. Although individuals are not required to have a lawyer to file for bankruptcy, given how complex the procedures surrounding bankruptcy filings can be, it is always a wise choice to hire a bankruptcy lawyer who can protect your rights and ensure the best possible outcome.
Whether you’re looking for a tax attorney Springfield MO or a criminal lawyer Springfield MO, the attorneys at Carver, Cantin and Mynarich are here to help. Missouri federal court cases are serious matters, which is why you need serious representation through every step of the process. If you are facing a legal matter that is being seen by the Missouri federal court, don’t hesitate to contact Carver, Cantin and Mynarich today.